For decades, Cold Isostatic Pressing (CIP) has been used successfully by manufacturers around the world. CIP is used to consolidate metal- and ceramic powders to make a “green” part that can be further treated, i.e. rolling, machining or sintering.
With typical pressures from 1,035 to 4,138 bar (15,000 to 60,000 psi) and ambient temperature up to 93°C (200°F), CIP can achieve 95% of theoretical density for ceramics.
Common applications for Cold Isostatic Pressing include consolidation of ceramic powders, compressing of graphite, refractories and electrical insulators, and other fine ceramics for dental and medical applications.
The technology is expanding into new applications such as pressing of sputtering targets, coatings of valve parts in an engine to minimize wear of the cylinder heads, telecommunications, electronics, aerospace and automotive